I’m here to share some great news on foreign direct investment (FDI) in Canada. It’s news with real significance for shared prosperity.
Canada’s FDI inflows for 2018 did more than rise above the 10-year average; a 60 percent increase from 2017 stands in sharp contrast to the rest of the world, which saw a 19 percent decrease in FDI inflow in 2018. The increase is making Canada stronger, with more global capital flowing into the country, through more deals, from more sources, into more sectors, creating more jobs.
Using this positive reversal as a starting point, I offer five keys to greater shared prosperity.
1. Plan a route to prosperity
Before becoming the inaugural CEO of Invest in Canada last March, I had been involved in finalizing negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership free trade agreement, which gives global companies in Canada access to more markets. Canada is now the only G7 country offering investors preferential market access to more than 50 countries, with over 1.5 billion consumers and a combined GDP of nearly USD $50 trillion.
A quick takeaway: Insightful planning and greater market access are critical to shared prosperity.
2. Nurture new economy initiatives
While 2018 deals like the nation’s largest-ever private-sector investment—LNG Canada’s $40 billion liquified natural gas project—and Toyota Canada’s $1.4 billion investment in manufacturing plants play to Canada’s traditional strengths, it’s technology where Canada attracts much of the world’s attention and investment today.
This new tech economy includes AI. In March 2017, Canada was the world’s first country to announce a national strategy for artificial intelligence and provide government support. In 2018, the world saw a 28 percent increase in AI-related startups in Canada. The last five years saw, on average, a 49 percent increase in AI-related deals. International AI-related players in Canada have more than doubled from 2017 to 2018.
The new tech economy includes FinTech. It includes cleantech (an industry in which Canada ranks first among G20 countries). It also includes cybersecurity. In 2018, for example, Siemens joined global firms making cybersecurity investments here, where Canada’s first advanced cybersecurity training program is helping stem the industry’s talent shortage crisis that’s seeing as many as 3.5 million positions remaining unfilled by 2021.
To achieve shared prosperity, finding and fostering the most attractive, most sustainable investment opportunities will continue to be important.
3. Fuel prosperity with skilled and diverse global talent
With the world’s most educated workforce, Canada has the talent to make new tech sectors grow. By supporting homegrown talent while attracting top-tier international talent (the Global Talent Stream, for example, brings skilled workers to Canada in as little as two weeks), Canada has become a leader in developing and attracting global talent.
Rich, bright diversity like that found in Canada—where almost 20 percent of the population is foreign-born and where more than 200 languages are spoken—is central to shared prosperity.
4. Show global investors the money—then take less of it in taxes
As an investment attraction agency focused on global companies, Invest in Canada has quickly become adept at showing them the money. Through the Scientific Research and Experimental Development program, businesses leverage tax credits to drive cutting-edge research. And Canada’s recent addition of $800 million in innovation incentives to the Strategic Innovation Fund brings over $2 billion of support to companies engaged in high-growth innovative projects .
What’s more, with Canada’s fall 2018 business tax enhancements enabling all businesses to write off up to 100 percent of machinery, equipment, and assets, Canada now has the lowest Marginal Effective Tax Rate in the G7, 5 percentage points below the new US rates and even farther below most G7 nations.
The upshot? Making it easy for growth-minded global investors to find and work with a trusted partner leads to shared prosperity. And giving these innovative companies incentives to deploy more investment capital—which Canada also does—further builds partnerships and prosperity.
5. Make people’s lives better
International companies want all their people—global executives and domestic employees alike—to enjoy safe, healthy, and productive lives at work and at home. With Canada ranking #1 for quality of life, which includes metrics for safety, health care, education, and job markets, more global companies are choosing Canada.
Add to this Canada's #1 ranking among G7 nations on the 163-country Global Peace Index (which correlates to lower interest rates, lower inflation, and higher FDI), and the reality of shared prosperity is closer than many think.